A cannabis concentrate is the excess material left over once a cannabis plant has gone through the process of removing unnecessary plant matter while maintaining the cannabinoids and terpenes from the original plant.
Essentially, the process concentrates the plant material into a much smaller, often gooey substance. Cannabis concentrates are typically much more potent due to their high THC levels, which average around 50-90%, while traditional flower ranges between 10-25% THC.
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When concentrates are extracted from the plant, the main goal–besides changing the consistency–is to keep the popular elements with cannabis that affect its potency, flavor, and aroma. These two elements are cannabinoids and terpenes.
There are two prominent cannabinoids found in cannabis: CBD and THC. Each cannabinoid has unique properties that produce different effects and levels of potency.
CBD is commonly known as the non-psychoactive property that has become popular in wellness products because of its healing, calming, and anti-inflammatory properties.
THC is the psychoactive element that’s known to produce a joyful, euphoric experience, and depending on the plant strain, the level of THC varies along with the potency.
Terpenoids or terpenes are the aromatic components of oils within the cannabis flower and most notably, responsible for the indistinguishable aromas and scents of cannabis. However, terpenes are not only found in cannabis but within all plants and fruits.
Specifically, in cannabis plants, there are over 200 terpenes that produce common aromas like berry, citrus, mint, and pine. That’s why it’s important during the extraction process to keep terpenes, so the end product still has the aromas and flavors that are enjoyed with traditional flowers.